Advancing health and development requires engagement from community members, governments, health and related sectors, and relevant stakeholders; particularly those who will be directly affected by the final decisions.
Key Questions to Consider
- Who—from which sectors—need to be engaged in the health and development effort, and why?
- Who—from which sectors—can help in addressing important health and development goals, and how can we engage them?
- Have those who are directly experiencing the problem been participating?
- Have people who have responsibility or influence to change conditions been participating?
- Is it rewarding to participate (e.g., clear roles, rewards, respect)?
- Is it relatively easy to participate (e.g., time, effort, cost, location)?
- Have we created an environment that encourages full and effective participation?
Some Recommended Actions
- __ Identify those who need to be engaged for all relevant sectors (e.g., health, education, transport), including those most affected and those who can address the group’s goals.
- __ Reach out to those you most want to involve through trusted people, organizations, and networks.
- __ Communicate the need and benefits of taking action together across sectors.
- __ Make participation more rewarding and attractive.
- __ Make participation easier and of lower cost (i.e., time, effort, money).
- __ Improve peoples’ abilities to be involved (e.g., provide information, skill training, technical support).
- __ Create an environment that fosters full and effective participation.
Examples of Promoting Engagement
- Mobilising Communities to Address Ebola Virus Disease in Lofa County, Liberia
- Lesotho Says NO to Tobacco Advertising and Promotion on World No Tobacco Day
- Mobilising for Health through Health Centre Committees in Zimbabwe
- Engagement Approaches Used with the COVID-19 Response in Kenya